Any pregnancy can have complications that lead to it premature birth. Fortunately, most risks can be easily prevented through regular checks and inspections. The most common risk factor is a short interval between two consecutive births.
A recent study confirms this fact. If you become pregnant too soon after giving birth, you risk bringing a premature baby into the world. So if you want to give your baby a sibling or sister soon, find out how long you should wait until you get pregnant again to prevent a premature birth.
But first of all, you need to know and understand what are the factors that can trigger it premature birth.
Causes of preterm birth
Most of the time, doctors cannot accurately determine the cause of premature labor. Moreover, preterm labor and preterm birth can happen to any pregnant woman. For unknown reasons, women of color are more likely to face a premature birth.
The specialists have identified over time several risk factors. The curiosity is that many of the pregnant women who happen to be born prematurely have no known risk factor. These include:
• personal history of premature birth;
• twin pregnancy;
• an interval of less than 6 months between pregnancies;
• repeated spontaneous abortions or multiple bleeding;
• use of an artificial insemination method, such as in vitro fertilization;
• disorders of the uterus, cervix or placenta;
• infections of the anterior genital tract;
• the presence of certain chronic diseases, such as high blood pressure or diabetes;
• anemia, deficiency of minerals and vitamins caused by poor nutrition;
• too much or too little weight before pregnancy;
• smoking, alcohol or drug use;
• stressful life events;
• physical injury or trauma.
A 2-year difference between two births decreases the risk of preterm labor twice
Recently, American specialists have completed a study on premature births. They analyzed a number of 454,716 births registered for women who became pregnant at least 2 times in 6 years. The results showed that women who conceived again, within a year of their last birth, were twice as likely to give birth prematurely.
An 18-month difference between the date of the last birth and the date of the next conception significantly reduces the respective risk. This is equivalent to a 25-month difference between two consecutive births.
40% of newborn deaths, in the first four weeks of life, are caused by premature births. However, they increase the risk of conditions such as autism or mental retardation and affect the development of the lungs and other organs. Preventing preterm birth is the most appropriate strategy in this regard. Each additional day spent in the womb counts, and is subsequently reflected in the time spent in non-intensive care.
Researchers at Columbia University have found that a child conceived less than 2 years after his brother or sister is at almost twice the risk of developing autism. Moreover, babies born less than 1 year after the first child were three times more prone to autism. Worldwide, between 2 and 6 children, per 1,000 births, develop autism, boys being 4 times more prone to this condition than girls.
And the mother's body has to suffer if she conceives again, a short distance after her last birth. Caring for a baby is physically tiring, with many mothers suffering from sleep deprivation and depression. Your body needs time to recover after such an intense period.
A premature birth, 42 times more expensive than a normal birth
In Romania, 1 in 10 children is born prematurely and needs special care from the first hour of life. This worryingly high rate puts our country at the top of the European top in terms of preterm births. Prematurity is the main cause of early neonatal mortality.
For a single premature birth, the Romanian state can spend from about 550 euros to almost 23,000 euros. The solution would be to prevent these births by creating a guide for future mothers.
Tags Factors risking premature birth Second pregnancy Premature born babies